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Home - Tribal Resources - Environmental Protection Division - Brownfields Response Program

Brownfields Response Program...

In 1995, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established the Brownfields Tribal Response Program and has since then, grown into a principal nationwide plan of environmental restoration. In 2003, the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes began a Tribal Brownfields Response Program funded by grant monies provided by the EPA.

Mission Statement

As you read this, you might say to yourself "we do not have such Brownfields here on the Flathead Indian Reservation" but in fact we may. Brownfields can be almost anywhere and any thing that includes underground storage tanks, Methamphetamine labs, abandoned or under used buildings, and opens dumps.

According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency State and tribal response programs play a significant role in cleaning up Brownfields. As Congress recognized in the legislative history of the Brownfields Law, "The vast majority of contaminated sites across the nation will not be cleaned up by the Superfund program. Instead, most sites will be cleaned up under State authority." Prior to the passage of the Brownfields Law, EPA developed a framework for negotiations between EPA regions and states regarding State Voluntary Cleanup Programs. This preliminary framework was the precursor to how EPA works with states and tribes today.

The EPA also states that the continued demand for Brownfields cleanup and redevelopment in communities throughout the country, coupled with increasingly limited state and tribal resources, makes access to federal funding critical. The law authorizes EPA to provide up to $50 million in grants to states and tribes to establish or enhance their response programs. Generally, these response programs address the assessment, cleanup, and redevelopment of Brownfields. In 2003, EPA distributed almost $50 million among all 50 states, 30 tribes, the District of Columbia, and the Virgin Islands. This funding will enable states and tribes to develop or enhance their response program's infrastructure and capabilities. For some recipients, the funding will provide an opportunity to create new response programs to address contaminated properties. States and tribes also can use the new funding to capitalize a revolving fund for cleanup, purchase environmental insurance, or develop other insurance mechanisms to provide financing for cleanup activities. In addition, the funds can be used to establish or maintain the statutorily required public record, to oversee cleanups, and to conduct site-specific activities.

The EPA provides financial assistance to states and tribes, which increases their capacity to meet the Brownfields cleanup and redevelopment challenges. It will also help to ensure that properties are cleaned up safely, according to state and tribal standards to protect Human Health and the Environment. In the start of the Tribal Response Program in 2003, the Program received grant funds in the amount of $99,000. In 2011/12, the Program received grant funds in the amount of $155,000.  These funds were used to perform program management activities that include but not limited to;

Administer and implement the TRP Four Elements.

  • Timely Survey and Inventory of Brownfield Sites.
  • Oversight and enforcement Authorities or Other mechanisms and Resources.
  • Mechanisms and Resources to Provide Meaningful Opportunities for Public Participation.
  • Mechanisms for Approval of a Cleanup Plan and Verification and Certification that Clean-up are Complete

Fiscal Year 2012/13 Highlights

During the past year the Brownfield TRP performed two (2) Phase I Environmental Site Assessments and one (1) Phase II Environmental Site Assessments at the Tribal Trust property that was a concern due to the  Old Ronan Dump neighboring the Trust property.  After extensive investigation it is confirmed that the Tribal Trust Property is deemed free of contaminants that would otherwise have an impact on the properties use. 

The Elmo Cash Store and Former Joseph Allotment cleanup Project came to a close.  The contaminants were successfully removed utilizing NewFields, an environmental consultant firm based out of Missoula.  The sites will be seeded using native seeds this spring 2014.  You will be able to view the Final Cleanup Report on the Brownfield webpage latter this summer 2014.

The Tribal Response Program will be conducting an additional 8 to 10 environmental site assessments utilizing a Community-Wide Assessment Grant awarded to the CSKT Tribal Response Program of $400,000.   The grants life span is 3 years, during which time the program will be busy conducting an inventory of sites that are potential for reuse.

To view any of these sites you can click on site assessments, you can also view the Public Record on this site(s), which I recommend. 

The Brownfield TRP Program has attended numerous training sessions on Brownfield, solid waste, and hazardous waste contaminants.  The trainings assists  the TRP in keeping the reservation in its pristine environment and to ensure the protection of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes natural resources and its’ people

The tribal Response Program also completed a reservation wide Baseline Brownfield inventory with sites added to the Brownfield Inventory as new sites are recognized, as of today the Tribal Response Program has an estimated 139 potential Brownfield Sites on the reservation with two sites cleaned utilizing Brownfield Competitive Cleanup grant funds and 2 other smaller sites were cleaned utilizing Brownfield Tribal Response grant funds.

As of today the Brownfield Tribal Response Program has conducted the following:

Phase I ESA- 16

Phase II ESA- 16

Phase III ESA- 4

Phase IV ESA- 2

Cleanup- 3

The Brownfield Tribal Response Program ensures the protection of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes natural resources by inspecting the exterior boundaries of the reservation for illegal or abandoned sites that might comprise of solid and/or hazardous substance such as Illegal dumping that consists of waste materials that are unknown until investigated, these materials may have the probability to contaminate the natural resources of the reservation, and may cause severe health risks to the public and our water resources.

The Brownfield’s TRP Program conducts inspections through an approach that consist of; sample collection, laboratory and chemical analysis, field investigation, research, Photos’, observations, documenting, interviews, and inquiries. This assists the program to ensure that the safety of the tribes’ pristine natural resources is met.

If you have a complaint, you have 2 options available to get your complaint into the Tribal Response Program’s office:

Come into the office and fill out a TRP Complaint Form, or

Find the Complaint Form on-line at www.cskt.org Tribal Response Program web page

If you need to report a potential Brownfield site or would like an environmental site assessment done at a potential Brownfield site or would like information available in the public record please provide the site location and contact information to Marlene McDanal, the Tribal Response/Solid/Hazardous Waste Program Manager at mmcdanal@cskt.org  , or P.O. Box 278, Pablo, MT 59855.
The Solid/Hazardous Waste/Tribal Response Program Manager can also be reached at (406) 675-2700 ext 7215. The Natural Resources Department offices are located at 301 Main Street in Polson, Montana. Normal office hours are from 7:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. Monday thru Thursday. Closed most holidays.



Department Pages
Natural Resources Department
Environmental Protection Division
Fish, Wildlife, Recreation and Conservation Division
Water Management Division
Program Pages
Air Quality
Illegal Dumping Activity
Indoor Air Pollution
Non Point Source
Pesticides Program
Shoreline Protection
Solid / Hazardous Waste
Tribal Brownfields Response Program
Underground Storage Tank Program
Water Pollution Control Program
Water Quality
Wetlands Conservation Program
bullet Recycle
bullet Lead
bullet Meth
bullet Radon
referred links

US EPA Brownfields Homepage

Brownfields Initiatives Center

Brownfields Technology Support Center
Environmental Assessments
Phase I Dixon Agency Home Site
Phase II Dixon Agency Home Site
Phase I North Crow Home Site
Phase II North Crow Home Site
Phase III Elmo Cash Store
Phase IV Elmo Cash Store
Phase III Old St. Ignatius Dump
Phase IV Old St. Ignatius Dump
Phase V Old St. Ignatius Dump
Phase V Old St. Ignatius Dump SAP Report
Phase I Olsen Home Site
Phase II Olsen Home Site
Phase I Ely Home Site
Phase II Ely Home Site
Phase I Burland Home Site

Phase II Burland Home Site

Draft Clean-up Plan Elmo Cash Store
Phase I Trust Land Site11-2010
Phase I Old Community Dump Site11-2010
Phase II Trust Land Site
Phase II ESA Letter Report -04/25/2013
Phase II ESA Well Installation & Monitoring for Tribal Trust Property
Phase II Site Assessment Ronan Landfill
Phase II Site Assessment Old Community Dump
Clean-Up Projects
Elmo Draft Clean-Up Plan
Elmo Cash Store Clean-up Completion Report
Documents Available
 Brownsfield Used Oil Brochure
Tribal Brownfield Response Program Brochure
Brownfield August 2011 Newsletter
Citizen Complaint Form
CSKT TRP Progromatic QAPP
Public Record

The purpose of the public record is to allow the public easy access to information that describes what response actions were taken in previous years or what are planned for the coming year and whether or not the site will be suitable for unrestricted use.

Information available includes:

  • Site name
  • Site location
  • Whether site, on completion of response action, will be suitable for unrestricted use.
  • Identification of institutional controls

Here is a list of Brownfields Site Assessment and cleanup activities completed (during reporting period):

* priorities may change after the completion of the Brownfield inventory.

Most press releases concerning Brownfield topics will be sent to the Char-Koosta News, Lake County Leader, the Missoulian, and KQRK 92.3 FM, and 750 Kerr AM. Press releases will also be posted on this website.
Brownfields Response Program
Marlene McDanal
Phone: (406) 883-2888
Email: mmcdanal@cskt.org

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