Willie Keenan, CSKT Supervisory Specialist II presents at the National Tribal Science Council forum at Traverse City, Michigan.
Jasmine Brown, CSKT Pesticide Specialist I investigating a herbicide complaint near Hot Springs, MT.
Jasmine Brown received her Federal Credentials...
Tribal Member and CSKT Natural Resources Department Pesticide Specialist Jasmine Courville Brown recently received her federal credentials to conduct inspections of pesticide applicators on the Flathead Indian Reservation.
According to Rich Janssen, Division Manager of Environmental Protection and Acting Natural Resources Department Head the federal credentials will allow Jasmine to conduct inspections of pesticide applicators, both commercial and private, on the Flathead Indian Reservation as well as reservations which you have an agreement to conduct inspections (currently the Blackfeet Tribe, and Crow Nation, pending agreement with Northern Cheyenne). Copies of inspections conducted by Jasmine will be forwarded to United States Environmental Protection Agency for further action.
Jasmine joins Tribal Members and employees Willie Keenan, Supervisory Pesticide Specialist II and Tom McClure UST/LUST Specialist I as having Federal Credentials and acting as an Agent of the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
"I am so pleased that Jasmine Brown is being added to our exceptional cadre of FIFRA-Credentialed Tribal Inspectors. She is clearly a true professional who is intent on protecting the residents of Indian country from pesticide exposures that may hurt them or the environment. Her enthusiasm and dedication are great to see and she is wonderful to work with." said Melanie Pallman, EPA Region 8, Director of the Office of Pollution Prevention, Pesticides, and Toxics Program in Denver, CO.
Pallman went on to add that "Ms. Brown will be conducting outreach and education activities that focus on reducing the pesticide use in schools and other public facilities so that our youngest and most vulnerable populations are not exposed to pesticides."
Aerial application for pesticides near Niarada
The Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes (CSKT) were
awarded an $110,000 grant from the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) in 2007 to establish and enhance a
Pesticides Program on the Flathead Indian Reservation. Ms.
Willie Keenan was hired and has been trained to conduct
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)
inspections and perform outreach activities on behalf of EPA
through an agreement with the Confederated Salish and
In September 2007 the Blackfeet Tribe signed a Memorandum of
Agreement to participate in EPA, Region 8 Pesticide Tribal
Circuit Rider program. The Blackfeet Nation agreed to
participate and allow the Circuit Rider to conduct Federal
Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)
inspections and provide compliance and technical assistance
on behalf of the EPA in Indian Country.
The Tribal Pesticide Circuit Rider Program is a cooperative
effort by the U.S. E.P.A., Region 8 and the Confederated
Salish and Kootenai Tribes to implement the Federal
Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) in Indian
Country. FIFRA is the national law that regulates pesticides
and their use.
Pictured: Willie Keenan (left) and FD Program Manager: Jean Matt during a Tribal Nursery Inspection.
Circuit Rider Role
- Conduct inspections of pesticide applicators on the
Flathead and Blackfeet Reservations to ensure the safe
and proper use of pesticide products.
- Provide information and training to pesticide
applicators, the general public, and the Blackfeet and
Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes on the safe or
reduced use of pesticides to protect water quality,
human health, and endangered species.
- Circuit Rider will use EPA’s inspection authority
and EPA-issued credentials to conduct inspections on
behalf of EPA
Use Inspections: Pesticide use inspections consist of
ensuring that the applicator is following all label
requirements, including applicator certification
requirements and Worker Protections Standards when
applicable. Use inspections are subdivided into two
categories: agricultural use inspections and
non-agricultural use inspections. Agricultural use
inspections involve the inspection of pesticide applications
in conjunction with the production of agricultural
commodities (plants or animals) while non-agricultural
inspections involve non-agricultural pesticide applications.
For Cause Inspections: For cause inspections are
initiated in response to a complaint, damage report,
referral or tip. For cause inspections are also subdivided
into agricultural and non-agricultural categories.
Restricted Use Pesticide (RUP) Dealer Records Inspection:
A RUP dealer inspection is conducted on-site at a dealer who
sells RUPs. The purpose of such inspections is to determine
if the dealer is maintaining the required records and to
determine if RUPs are being sold exclusively to certified
applicators or other properly authorized persons.
Certified Commercial Applicator Records Inspection: A
certified commercial applicator records inspection is
normally conducted at the certified applicator’s place of
business. The purpose of such inspection is to determine if
the applicator is properly certified, is maintaining the
required records, and is complying with the applicable laws
Marketplace Inspection: A marketplace inspection is an
inspection conducted at the retail or wholesale level for
the purpose of determining product registration status,
proper storage and display, labeling violations and product
Producer Establishment Inspection: A producer
establishment inspection is an inspection of an
establishment where pesticides or devices are produced and
held for distribution or sale. The purpose of such
inspection is to determine if the producer is maintaining
the appropriate records, producing only registered
pesticides and using accepted labeling.
The circuit rider will notify EPA Region 8 within one
week of the discovery of any suspected violations of FIFRA
and will forward the inspection file to EPA for any
appropriate enforcement response. EPA Region 8 will review
the inspection file provided by the circuit rider, determine
if there are FIFRA violations and, if appropriate, and
initiate enforcement action.
Employee during a local cherry orchard inspection
The pesticide label provides valuable information about
proper handling and use of the pesticide, potential risks
the pesticide may pose to humans, animals, plants and the
environment, and instructions on how to minimize or avoid
those risk. Every person who applies pesticides has the
responsibility to read and follow the label information so
no harm results from handling pesticides from the time of
purchase through ultimate use or disposal.
Before you buy a pesticide, read the label to
determine these basics:
- Where the pesticide can and cannot be applied
- If the pesticide will control the pest or pests
- If the pesticide can be applied safely and legally
under the application conditions
- Necessary application and safety equipment
- Amount of pesticide needed for the application (buy
only the amount needed)
- Relevant restrictions for use of the pesticide
Pesticide labels are legal documents. Except where
otherwise allowed by law, the applicator must conform with
all label instructions. The most common violations of
pesticide law involve use inconsistent with the label.
CSKT Spill Response Plan
**Always Read The Label**
- First make sure you know the type and potential hazards of the pesticides you are working with. Be sure to keep updating the inventory of pesticide.
- Store the pesticides in a cool, dry, well-ventilated, secure area. Store pesticide containers off of the floor surface, so it’s easy to detect leaks.
- Keep all containers tightly closed.
- Do not store clothing, food, or Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) around and near pesticides.
- Transport the pesticide product securely in back of vehicle.
- If a spill occurs clean up immediately, and do not let anyone into the area.
- Always wear your PPE while a cleaning up a pesticide spill.
- Be sure all pesticide labels are intact and readable.
- Do not put your children, your food or drinks, or pets in the vehicle because they could be harmed by pesticides while transporting.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):
- Always wear clean clothing according to the label. Clothing must have full skin coverage, closed at neck and wrist, and pant legs outside of the boots.
- Wear long waterproof gloves with tight fitted wrists, wide-brimmed hat and waterproof boots, when required by the label.
- Be sure you have a respirator with right cartridge according to the label.
- Wear a rubber or plastic apron and safety goggles as if required by label.
- Be sure to read label to know the PPE requirements.
- Protect your skin with proper clothing and equipment.
- Measure the materials properly, and accurately. Fill the application container or tank with water until ½ full, then add the pesticide and other adjuvants while water is swirling. Place measuring cup into a large container, to help prevent spills. Stand well above the fill level to prevent splashing on the face.
- Rinse empty containers three times, puncture and either recycle or dispose containers in an approved landfill.
- In case of spill, remove clothing immediately and wash the skin with soap and water.
- Wash contaminated clothes separately from family laundry using detergent.
- Always have someone with you or have someone you can contact by phone in case of an emergency.
- Be sure that the pesticide is needed and appropriate for the target pest, and always read the label before you apply.
- Be sure you wear the proper clothing and PPE required by the label.
- Never smoke, eat, or drink while applying pesticides.
- Avoid breathing dust and fumes. Use sprays rather then dust formulations, and take precautions to minimize drift. Know the pesticide poisoning symptoms, and determine where to get medical help before applying.
- Be sure to bring the pesticide Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) and/or label to the doctors if you requires treatment for pesticide exposure.
- Always be sure to have a decontamination kit with adequate water, soap, paper towels, and wash bottles.
Restricted Entry Precautions:
- Read and follow the label instructions on the restricted entry period. Wear protective clothing listed on the label on early entry.
- Buy only the amount of pesticide you need for the season. Mix only the amount the pesticide that is needed.
- When rinsing containers, be sure to use pressure rinse or rinse three times.
- The left over pesticide may be applied to a labeled site, disposed in approved landfill or store in a locked secured storage area until following year.
Emergency Procedures for spills:
- Take off contaminated clothing and wash them separately from family laundry.
- Wash the contaminated body with soap and water immediately, and then go to the doctor and bring the pesticide label of MSDS.
- Protect yourself and others from exposure and clean up spill.
- Wear protective clothing and PPE according to label instructions
- Always have spill kit ready and with everything you would need, including a list of emergency numbers, gloves, footwear, apron, protective eyewear, respirator, containment tubes and pads, and absorbent materials, such as spill pillows, absorbent clay, sawdust, pet litter, activated charcoal, vermiculite, or paper for liquid spills. A shovel, broom, and dustpan should be included if there could be dry spill. Be sure there are always heavy duty detergent, a fire extinguisher, and sturdy plastic containers to hold the pesticide while transporting. Also make sure that you have everything in the spill kit that pesticide label requires.
- Wash area with chlorine bleach and thoroughly flush contaminated area with water, or follow other expert advice for decontamination of the area.
Numbers to keep close:
Medical, Fire, Police: 911
Poison Information Center (24-hour number) 1-800-222-1222
National Response Center (24-hour number) 1-800-424-8802
CHEMTREC (chemical information, 24-hour number) 1-800-424-9300
National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC) 1-800-858-7378
Montana Disaster Emergency Services 1-406-841-3911
Montana Dept. of Agriculture 1-406-444-5400
CSKT Environmental Protection: (406) 883-2888
Jolene Jacobson—CSKT (406) 675-2700 x.1123
Robert DesRosier—Blackfeet (406)338-7667
PLASTIC PESTICIDE CONTAINER RECYCLING
Our project’s goal is to provide a place where the community can keep pesticide containers out of landfills, saving money, energy and our environment. Recycling plastics are converted into fence posts, pallets, field drain tiles, speed bumps and parking stops.
The Montana Department of Agriculture purchased a Pesticide container Recycling Truck that drives through the state of Montana and arrives at pre-determined collection sites to collect and grind all clean #2HPDE agricultural pesticide container plastic. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes (CSKT), the Lake County Weed Control and the Montana Department of Agriculture (MDA) are working cooperatively to provide this service to the Flathead Reservation businesses and applicators.
The drop off location will be at the Lake County Weed Control Facility near the transfer-station off of HWY 93 between Polson and Pablo. Containers will be inspected when they are dropped off to ensure that they have been cleaned and other items removed so that contamination does not occur.
The containers must be:
- Tripled rinsed & punctured;
- Label booklets & foil, lids removed; (stuck on labels may remain)
- 5+ Gallon and Larger Gallon Containers must be cut into 3 sections to fit into shredder;
- There will be a disposal container set up at the Lake County Weed facility;
- Any containers un-cleaned will be REJECTED!
- There will be personnel to assist in cutting containers at the site and inspect containers;
For more information please contact:
CSKT Pesticide Program: Willie Keenan, Jasmine Brown, Conrad Durglo 406-883-2888
Montana Department of Agriculture: Leonard Berry or Ron Ahlgran 406-444-5400
Lake County Weed Control: Tom Benson 406-883-7330